Sistem Manajemen Produksi

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Sistem Manajemen Produksi – Talking about production management, the first thing you probably think of is the business process in a company.

Without good management from a company, the production process may not run smoothly and as expected.

Sistem Manajemen Produksi

This is done because life or time continues to experience development, starting from technology, lifestyle, monetary values ​​and others that will certainly change the production process.

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In general, production management is a process of preparing a production plan from raw material (which can be goods or other items) to a finished product.

Production management is carried out by the company with the aim of turning raw material into a finished product in the form of goods or services whose quality is according to the plan.

The aim is not only to produce good quality products, but also to produce products in the right / correct / correct size, as well as at the right time so that the costs which will be incurred if necessary as low as possible.

Therefore, production management is also designed to increase efficiency, especially in the face of increasingly fierce competition. Quality is not good enough!

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The first task of production management is to be able to design a selection of the types of goods along with the design plans.

The second function is to be able to design team groups according to the work desks that are made in the production process.

There are many possible production systems, you and your team can decide which system to use for later production tasks.

By determining the capacity at the beginning, you can also plan whether to do short-term or long-term production.

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Starting with controlling the inventory of raw materials, human resources, flow of operations, knowing if the goods are on target and others.

When you have designed the target product, the raw materials must also be taken into account. Do not let it be in the middle of production, there is a lack of raw materials available.

As with product returns, managers must control related inventory so that it is neither overstocked nor understocked.

For the production process, raw materials are produced by a series of operations. Where each process continues to the next activity until it is finished.

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In addition to a smooth production process, financial reports must also be considered so that information related to the budget can be clearly recorded. The system is a framework of interconnected procedures arranged according to an overall scheme, to perform an activity or primary function. the company.

Information is data that has been processed in a form that is meaningful to the recipient and useful for current or future decisions.

Information is data that has been processed in a form that is meaningful to the recipient and useful for current or future decisions.

Information can be defined as the result of data processing in a form that is more useful and meaningful to the recipient that describes a real event that is used for decision making.

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An information system is a system that receives input data and instructions, processes the data according to the instructions and produces the results.

An information system is a system within an organization that meets the needs of day-to-day transaction processing, supports operations, is a management and strategic activity of an organization and provides the necessary reports to certain external parties .

An information system is a system within an organization that meets the needs of day-to-day transaction processing, facilitates and supports operational activities, is managerial in nature and assist in providing the necessary reports.

Information systems can be defined as a best integrated and computer based system that can collect and display different types of accurate data for different needs.

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Production is the creation/adding of the advantages of form, time and space to the factors of production so that they are more useful for meeting human needs. The process of transformation / change in the form of these factors is called production process.

Production is a process of conversion/change in the form of resources to produce output in the form of goods or services so that they can be used to meet human needs.

The product information system is a support for operational activities that are responsible for several aspects including organization, technology, human resources, sales of prescribed products in the market.

A production information system is a system used to support the production operation, which includes all activities related to the planning and control of processes for the production of goods or services.

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A production information system is a computer system that works in conjunction with other functional information systems to support company management in solving problems related to a company’s production operations that are still fundamentally focused on input, process and output.

The Production Information System is included in the overall framework of the Management Information System (MIS). The production information system puts more emphasis on the production processes that take place in the production floor, from the intake of raw materials to the production of finished goods, taking into account all the processes that ‘ happen.

Collect internal data describing manufacturing operations and environmental data describing company transactions with suppliers. For example, a production worker enters data into a terminal using a combination of machine-readable media and a keyboard. The media is often in the form of documents with optically readable barcodes. Other media include documents with optically readable pencil marks, and plastic cards with magnetically readable note strips. After reading the data is sent to the central computer to update the database.

Industrial Engineers are specially trained systems analysts who analyze manufacturing operations and make improvement recommendations. Industrial engineering consists of projects that collect specific data from within a company that determines how long production should take.

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The manufacturing information subsystem functions to keep manufacturing management informed of the latest developments in personnel, material, and machine resources. Those included in the manufacturing information subsystem include:

1. Employee information, manufacturing management should take into account the trade unions that organize the company’s employees. Both in the contract system, not futures or wholesale.

2. In the formal system, manufacturing management initiates the flow of personnel information by preparing personnel requests that are sent to the human resources department. Human resources then collects information from various elements of the environment and communicates it to the candidates.

3. Informal systems, the flow of information between workers and manufacturing management is largely informal as it takes the form of daily communication between workers and their managers.

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A database is a collection of integrated computer data, organized and stored in a specific way so that it can be easily retrieved. Some of the data in the database is unique to the production function, but much is shared with other functional areas. The data entered into the database comes from the input subsystem, namely:

Internal data is the internal data of a complete system that supports the processing of data into useful information. This data includes human resources (HR), materials, tools, and other things that support the overall process such as transportation, material quality specifications, maintenance frequency, and others.

Data external to the company is data originating from outside the company (environment) that supports the processing of data into useful information. Examples of external data are supplier data, government policies regarding UMR, electricity, etc. This data is usually useful for estimating costs in manufacturing from the beginning to the end of the process.

The information obtained from the results of data processing can be divided into 3 parts, namely production, inventory and quality, where these three do not leave an element of the costs in them.

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Is everything related to the process that occurs in each work department or department that measures production in terms of time, following the flow of work from one step to the next .

A company’s inventory level is very important because it represents a large investment. The number of units ordered from a supplier at the same time affects the inventory level of an item, and the average inventory level can be calculated from half the order number and safety stock. The inventory subsystem provides stock amounts, holding costs, safety stock, etc. based on the results of data processing from inputs. The inventory subsystem usually has a purchasing and inventory process. And the function of the inventory subsystem is to measure the amount of production activity when inventory is converted from raw materials to finished goods.

Is everything related to quality, both time, cost, work performance, and selection of suppliers. The function of the quality subsystem is to measure the quality of the material when the material is changed. There are many other things that are not total quality elements but must be included in the quality elements such as process (Process Control), Maintenance (Preservation), and Specifications (Specification) for each some products and finished products. The quality sub-system has a special approach to improve the quality of its production by using total quality management (TQM), that is the management of the whole company so that the company is excellent in all dimensions of products and services that are important to all customers. . TQM provides a framework for all quality-related company activities. Within this framework, the quality subsystem provides the manager with information that shows how well the company’s products are meeting the quality goals.

Cost components are included in all existing subsystems. The goal of manufacturing companies in general is to make a profit from selling their products. Therefore, an information system will never be separated from its cost elements. The costing subsystem calculates costs incurred during the production process. There are two elements of cost control, which are good work standards and a system for detailing the details of operations when production processes occur. Subsystem costs are divided into two, namely:

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Maintenance costs or storage costs are usually expressed as a percentage of the annual cost of the goods. And those costs cover things like damage, theft, aging, taxes and insurance.

This includes costs incurred when ordering items, shopping time, telephone charges, secretarial fees, purchase order form fees and so on.

Production and operations management is the management of an information system that transforms inputs into outputs in the form of goods or services. This applies to the implementation of production and operational activities that require a series of activities that constitute a system.

The production system consists of elements such as input, transformation and output. Although production and operation is a system to provide goods and services that are needed and will be brought together by members of the community.

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4. The production of finished goods is based on orders from customers depending on the turnaround time and the number of products required.

1. The company’s production results are faster and on time because the manufacturing information system uses computers as a processing tool.

2. Each data component in the manufacturing information system can support the processing process to be useful information for the investment department, the production department and also the quality department so that the company’s profits are increased because the information received is accurate and reliable.

4. By using a manufacturing information system in the form of robotic physics, production results are faster, more accurate and the amount of unused material is reduced SYSTEM STUDIES COURSE: SYSTEM MANAGEMENT AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SPECIALIZATION: DR. DEDI RIANTO RAHADI Created by: YUDIANSYA MARDIANSYA.

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